Jonah Offman #41 P Johns Hopkins

app 12
gs 1
w 0
l 0
sv 0
ip 20.2
era 3.92
k 18
Recent Games
May 24 Shenandoah W, 6-3
May 25 at Shenandoah W, 7-3
May 31 vs. Babson W, 7-6
Jun 1 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 4-3
Jun 2 vs. Babson W, 6-5
Jun 2 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 15-4
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 12 164th 4 216th
Plate appearances 0 323rd 0 314th
At Bats 0 209th 0 182nd
Runs 0 186th 0 141st
Hits 0 182nd 0 138th
Doubles - - - -
Triples - - - -
Home Runs - - - -
Runs Batted In 0 175th 0 129th
Total bases 0 310th 0 290th
Walks - - - -
Hit by pitch - - - -
Strikeouts - - - -
Sacrifice Flies - - - -
Sacrifice Hits - - - -
Hit into double play - - - -
Stolen Bases - - - -
Caught Stealing - - - -
Batting Average - - - -
On Base Percentage - - - -
Slugging Percentage - - - -
Appearances 12 22nd 4 69th
Games started 1 70th 0 60th
Wins 0 83rd 0 51st
Losses 0 83rd 0 56th
Saves 0 42nd 0 22nd
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 20.2 67th 6.1 79th
Hits 21 73rd 8 77th
Runs 10 84th 7 63rd
Earned Runs 9 77th 7 56th
Walks 10 57th 5 58th
Strikeouts 18 54th 6 69th
Strikeouts per Game 7.84 - 8.53 -
Doubles Allowed 4 59th - -
Triples Allowed - - - -
Home Runs Allows 2 28th 1 33rd
At Bats Against 82 68th 24 81st
Batting Average Against .256 50th .333 77th
Earned Run Average 3.92 - 9.95 -
Wild pitches 3 59th - -
Hit Batters 1 1st - -
Balks 2 21st 2 10th
Sacrifice Flies Allowed 1 1st 1 1st
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - - - -
Total Chances 1 278th 0 327th
Put Outs 0 263rd 0 202nd
Assists 1 208th 0 179th
Errors 0 176th 0 113th
Fielding Percentage 1.000 - - -
Double Plays - - - -
Stolen Bases Allowed 3 81st 2 61st
Runners Caught Stealing 2 41st 2 13th
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage .400 36th .500 13th
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 24 Arcadia W, 14-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 24 St. John Fisher L, 19-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 Gwynedd Mercy W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 Rutgers-Camden W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 #10 Cortland W, 7-5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 3 #10/11 Cortland W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 3-2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 #17/24 Salisbury W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Bethel (Minn.) W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. #1 Wooster L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. #1 Wooster L, 13-7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Edgewood W, 15-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 vs. Old Westbury   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Bethel (Minn.) L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Denison W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 vs. St. Michael's W, 11-6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Williams L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. St. Lawrence W, 16-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Catholic W, 12-2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 19-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Gettysburg W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 Gettysburg   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 11-8 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 15-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 Gettysburg W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 at McDaniel W, 16-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 McDaniel W, 13-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 13 at Haverford L, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Haverford W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Penn St.-Harrisburg L, 10-8 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 16 Washington College W, 10-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Washington College W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 16-14 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 11-10 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Swarthmore W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall L, 14-7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 at Swarthmore L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 2 Muhlenberg W, 14-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 Franklin & Marshall W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 6 Haverford W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 Farmingdale State W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 at Susquehanna W, 12-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 TCNJ W, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 Shenandoah W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 at Shenandoah W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 31 vs. Babson W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 1 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Babson W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 15-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 24 Arcadia W, 14-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Feb 24 St. John Fisher L, 19-13 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 Gwynedd Mercy W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 Rutgers-Camden W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 #10 Cortland W, 7-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 3 #10/11 Cortland W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 3-2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 #17/24 Salisbury W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Bethel (Minn.) W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. #1 Wooster L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. #1 Wooster L, 13-7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 17 vs. Edgewood W, 15-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 vs. Old Westbury   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Bethel (Minn.) L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Denison W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 vs. St. Michael's W, 11-6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 22 vs. Williams L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. St. Lawrence W, 16-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Catholic W, 12-2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 19-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Gettysburg W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 Gettysburg   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 11-8 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 15-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 Gettysburg W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 at McDaniel W, 16-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 McDaniel W, 13-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 13 at Haverford L, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Haverford W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Penn St.-Harrisburg L, 10-8 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 16 Washington College W, 10-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Washington College W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 16-14 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 11-10 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Swarthmore W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall L, 14-7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 at Swarthmore L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 2 Muhlenberg W, 14-4 - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 Franklin & Marshall W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - -
May 6 Haverford W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 Farmingdale State W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 at Susquehanna W, 12-2 - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 TCNJ W, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 Shenandoah W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 at Shenandoah W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 31 vs. Babson W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 1 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Babson W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 15-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 24 Arcadia W, 14-1 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 St. John Fisher L, 19-13 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 Gwynedd Mercy W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 Rutgers-Camden W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 #10 Cortland W, 7-5 0 0 0 0 2.0 3 1 1 4.50 - 2 1
Mar 3 #10/11 Cortland W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 3-2 0 0 0 0 0.1 1 - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 #17/24 Salisbury W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Bethel (Minn.) W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. #1 Wooster L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. #1 Wooster L, 13-7 0 0 0 0 3.1 4 1 1 2.70 - 1 -
Mar 17 vs. Edgewood W, 15-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 vs. Old Westbury   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Bethel (Minn.) L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Denison W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 vs. St. Michael's W, 11-6 1 0 0 0 3.1 3 0 0 0.00 3 4 -
Mar 22 vs. Williams L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. St. Lawrence W, 16-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Catholic W, 12-2 0 0 0 0 1.2 1 1 - 0.00 - 3 -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 19-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Gettysburg W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 Gettysburg   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 11-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 2 - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 15-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 Gettysburg W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 at McDaniel W, 16-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 McDaniel W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 2.0 1 - - 0.00 - 2 -
Apr 13 at Haverford L, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Haverford W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Penn St.-Harrisburg L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 1.2 1 - - 0.00 1 2 -
Apr 16 Washington College W, 10-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Washington College W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 16-14 0 0 0 0 2.0 5 4 4 18.00 1 3 1
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 11-10 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Swarthmore W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall L, 14-7 0 0 0 0 2.1 2 3 3 11.57 2 1 -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 at Swarthmore L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 2 Muhlenberg W, 14-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 Franklin & Marshall W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 6 Haverford W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 Farmingdale State W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 at Susquehanna W, 12-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 TCNJ W, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 Shenandoah W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 at Shenandoah W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 31 vs. Babson W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 1 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Babson W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 15-4 0 0 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 0.00 1 0 -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 24 Arcadia W, 14-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 24 St. John Fisher L, 19-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 Gwynedd Mercy W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 Rutgers-Camden W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 2 #10 Cortland W, 7-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 3 #10/11 Cortland W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 3-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Elmira (N.Y.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 #17/24 Salisbury W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Bethel (Minn.) W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. #1 Wooster L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. #1 Wooster L, 13-7 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Edgewood W, 15-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 vs. Old Westbury   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Bethel (Minn.) L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 20 vs. Denison W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 vs. St. Michael's W, 11-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Williams L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. St. Lawrence W, 16-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Catholic W, 12-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Muhlenberg W, 19-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Gettysburg W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 Gettysburg   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 11-8 0 0 0 0 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 6 at Ursinus L, 15-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 Gettysburg W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 Messiah   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 at McDaniel W, 16-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 McDaniel W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 - - 1 1 .500 - -
Apr 13 at Haverford L, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Haverford W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Penn St.-Harrisburg L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 16 Washington College W, 10-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Washington College W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 16-14 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Dickinson W, 11-10 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Swarthmore W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall L, 14-7 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 1.000 - -
Apr 27 Franklin & Marshall W, 15-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 at Swarthmore L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 2 Muhlenberg W, 14-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 Franklin & Marshall W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 6 Haverford W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 Farmingdale State W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 at Susquehanna W, 12-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 TCNJ W, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 Shenandoah W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 at Shenandoah W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 31 vs. Babson W, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 1 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Babson W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Birmingham Southern L, 15-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2017-18 2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
2018-19 12 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Total 14 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2017-18 2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
2018-19 12 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Total 14 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2017-18 2 0 1 0 0 - 3.2 4 2 2 3 4 9.82 - 4.91
2018-19 12 1 0 0 0 - 20.2 21 10 9 10 18 7.84 2 3.92
Total 14 1 1 0 0 - 24.1 25 12 11 13 22 8.14 2 4.07
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2017-18 2 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
2018-19 12 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 3 2 .400 - -
Total 14 2 0 2 0 1.000 - 3 2 .400 - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 12 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Conference 4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Away 2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Neutral 3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Losses 5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
February 1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
March 5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
April 5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
June 1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 12 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Conference 4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Away 2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Neutral 3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Wins 7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Losses 5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
February 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
March 5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
April 5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
June 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 12 1 0 0 0 - 20.2 21 10 9 10 18 7.84 2 3.92
Conference 4 0 0 0 0 - 6.1 8 7 7 5 6 8.53 1 9.95
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 7 0 0 0 0 - 11.1 13 8 8 4 10 7.94 2 6.35
Away 2 0 0 0 0 - 1.2 1 1 - 2 3 16.20 - 0.00
Neutral 3 1 0 0 0 - 7.2 7 1 1 4 5 5.87 - 1.17
 
-
Wins 7 1 0 0 0 - 12.1 14 6 5 4 14 10.22 2 3.65
Losses 5 0 0 0 0 - 8.1 7 4 4 6 4 4.32 - 4.32
 
-
February 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 5 1 0 0 0 - 10.2 12 3 2 3 10 8.44 1 1.69
April 5 0 0 0 0 - 8.0 9 7 7 6 8 9.00 1 7.88
June 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 0 0 0 1 0 .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 12 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 3 2 .400 - -
Conference 4 0 0 0 0 - - 2 2 .500 - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 7 0 0 0 0 - - 2 2 .500 - -
Away 2 0 0 0 0 - - 1 - - - -
Neutral 3 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 7 0 0 0 0 - - 1 1 .500 - -
Losses 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 2 1 .333 - -
 
-
February 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
March 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
April 5 0 0 0 0 - - 3 2 .400 - -
June 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -